Razavi Khorasan Province
Razavi Khorasan is a province in the north east of Iran. Khorasan plays important role after Islam and was the capital of Islam territory around a thousand year ago. Mashhad as the capital of the province is the second most populated metropolis in Iran. Definitely, Mashhad is known by Imam Reza Shrine. The Imam Reza Shrine has turn the city to a religious one, and the city hosts thousands of tourist, especially from the Arab nations, such as Iraq, each year.
Imam Reza Shrine:
Imam Reza (Redha) is the eighth Shi’a Imam. Ma’mun, the governor of Abbasid, invited Imam Reza (in 809 AD) to Toos, the former name of mashhad, and named him as the successor. Ma’mun thinks this will reduce disagreements of Shi’as. In 818 AD, Ma’mun poisoned Imam Reza, in order to take his popularity. Since then, his shrine attract thousand Muslims. The shrine has been developed by Shi’a kings and contains a Astan Quds Museum, Museum of the Quran, Museum of Stamps, Goharshad Mosque, and Astan Quds Library. The minarets and dome are gilded.
A masterpiece of architecture in Mashhad. The construction of mosque dates back to the Timurid Era in 1418 CE. The mosque is located at the south of Imam Reza shrine and includes 4 large iwans and 7 shabestans in 9400 m2. Maghsureh iwan is the most important one and contains Baisanghar inscription, the son of Goharshad, the mosque’s mihrab, built from marble, an inscription within the Mogharnas works and the dome over the iwan.
Tomb of NaderShah:
The founder of the Afsharieh dynasty by conquering over the Safavid dynasty in 1736. He was so ambitious and develop the country’s frontiers over a vast area which includes Iran, Armenia, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Oman, Georgia, Azerbaijan and parts of India. At his last years of life, Nader became ill and intimidating. He increases the tax and pay more on his campaigns. On the other side, that cause anger among the people, and finally his officers killed him in 1747.
An Iranian poet who lives from 940 to 1020 AD. He is mostly known for Shahnameh that is the longest epic poem in the world. Shahnameh is much beyond a poem book. Shahnameh revived the Persian language which was replacing with Arabic. Since the time Ferdowsi wrote Shahnameh, narrative (Naqqals) all around the country tells the stories of Shahnameh to the people. Ferdowsi tomb can be visited in tus, Mashhad.
The tomb of Muhammad Aref Abbasi, one of the mystics of Safavid era, in late 16th century. The tomb is square shape with a beautiful architecture and paintings on the dome, brick iwan, and walls. In addition, the building is decorated with cyan tiles.
Haftad-o-do tan Mosque (72 people mosque):
A mosque that formerly known as the Shah (King) Mosque a mosque built in 15th century. The initial building served as the tomb of Amir Ghias-O-Din and then has extended to a mosque. The mosque includes 4 arches, a dome, 2 minarets and an iwan.
Mausoleum of Omar Khayyám:
Khayyam was a philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, and poet in Seljuq era, 11-12 century. Then, he served in the Seljuq court as an adviser of Malik-Shah. He has the developed and extended som theories in algebra, and his studies on observatory was a foundation for Jalali Calendar (Solar Calendar) in 1079. In the other hand, the Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám has notable influences on the literature of world. A tomb which incorporates the mathematical, astronomical, and poetical elements was designed and built as a monument about fifteen years ago.
Mausoleum of Attar Neyshabouri:
Sheikh Attar (which means pharmacist) born in 1145 at the ancient city of Neyshabour. He was a pharmacist, poet and a well-known mystic. In addition, he was a pioneer in Sufism and his works influenced many others. Rumi has wrote that: “Attar has passed the seven cities of love, while we have barely turned down the first street”. Mantiq-ut-Tayr is the most famous book of attar. The book is about the birds that are searching for the mythical Persian bird, Simurgh. His other prominent compilation is Tadhkirat-ul-Awliyā that is the biography of Muslim saints and mystics. Now, an octagonal structure with beautiful tile works, plastering, and an onion shaped dome is built on his tomb.
Mohammad Ghaffari, known as Kamal-ol-Molk was a great painter, from 1848 to 1940. He had a glorious period in the Qajar court, which was led by Naser al-Din Shah. At this time, Naser al-Din Shah named him Kamal-ol-molk. Then, he has lived in European countries such as Italy and France and then go back to Iran and Iraq.
A Garden in the city of Qadamgah at the east of Neyshabour. The ancient garden dates back to the before Islam era of Persia, and is attributed to the Shahpur Kasra. When Imam Reza passed through the area, his footsteps traces was left on a black stone. Since then, the place is named the place of footsteps (in Persian means Qadamgah).
Mohammad Mahrugh Tomb:
A mosque which is built for the Mohammad Mahrugh Tomb. The initial structure is built in Sejugh era and then is reconstructed and repaired in Safavid (1707 C.E.) and Afsharieh dynasties. There are 4 iwans and 2 domes with charming tile works.